irt subway system

Trains of the 3 service run at all times, though the service is significantly cut back during late nights. : 6 Spots Built from NYC's Subway Excavation", "Fact Sheet: Statue of Liberty NM -- Ellis Island", "EXERCISES IN CITY HALL. For the former BMT 4 service, see N (New York City Subway service).. [15] In particular, Ellis Island in New York Harbor was expanded from 2.74 acres (1.11 ha) to 27.5 acres (11.1 ha), partially with soil from the excavation of the IRT line,[16] while nearby Governors Island was expanded from 69 acres (28 ha) to 172 acres (70 ha). The usual pattern is express through Manhattan and local elsewhere. The line opened south of 145th Street just after midnight on November 23, 1904, as part of the IRT's original system. The team moved its operations there after they abandoned the Library when Samaritan came fully online and began searching for them. As part of the plan, a station would be built at 145th Street instead of at 141st Street and Lenox Avenue. It was the perfect solution to overcrowding on city streets and an alternative for elevated trains, so more began to break ground. The city’s subway signs were decked out in Standard Medium typeface but that lasted just about a decade. Looking for the definition of IRT? [25]) When the line was extended to 242nd Street the temporary platforms at 230th Street were dismantled, and were rumored to be brought to 242 Street to serve as the station's side platforms. Before unification in 1940, the government of New York City made plans for expanding the subway system, under a plan referred to in contemporary newspaper articles as the IND Second System (due to the fact that most of the expansion was to include new IND lines, as opposed to BMT/IRT lines). [6]:189–190 In addition, the loop was changed from being double-tracked to single tracked. [2]:4, The designs of the stations were inspired by those of the Paris Métro,[2]:5 whose design Parsons was impressed by. That section was removed in the 1970s, isolating this part of the subway from the interchange. Find out what is the full meaning of IRT on Abbreviations.com! Today's systems communicate with EDC systems so there's not a need for duplicate data entry or data reconciliation. An additional island platform and track were constructed on the west side of the Bowling Green station to allow for the shuttle's operation. A photographic history of the stations of the IRT, New York's first subway line, with recent photos of several stations. The difference in subway trains didn’t necessarily add to the confusion of navigating New York City, but the second difference, the varying typeface styles between the systems, did. The arrangement with the city, known now as "Contract One" was such that ownership of the line would be retained by the city, with construction and operational responsibility granted to the IRT Company. [15], Operation of the subway began on October 27, 1904,[18] with the opening of all stations from City Hall to 145th Street on the West Side Branch. One additional track would have run from 96th Street along the east side of Broadway, branching off the northbound local track and running parallel before merging back into that track at 102nd Street. The New York City Subway System IRT. The first line of the city-owned and city-run Independent Subway System (IND) opened in 1932. The series was called R-1 because the cars were ordered under contract R-1, or Revenue Contract 1, and all subsequent cars … As part of Contract 4, the IRT agreed to build a branch of the original subway line south down Seventh Avenue, ... would change the operation of the IRT system. [44][45] In addition, mosaic tablets with the name of the station were put at regular intervals within the station's walls. Bids were opened on January 15, 1900, and the contract, later known as Contract 1, was executed on February 21, 1900,[5] between the commission and the Rapid Transit Construction Company, organized by John B. McDonald and funded by August Belmont Jr., for the construction of the subway and a 50-year operating lease from the opening of the line. Legal challenges were finally taken care of near the end of 1899. On June 1, 1901, work began on the viaduct over Manhattan Valley from 125th Street to 133rd Street, Section 12. Some columns that supported elevated structures on the Flushing Line were so shaky that trains would not run if the wind exceeded 65 miles per hour (105 km/h). ... All the electricity for the original IRT subway, opened in 1904, was generated there. The tunnel was named the Joralemon Street Tunnel, which was the first underwater subway tunnel connecting Manhattan and Brooklyn, and it opened on January 9, 1908, extending the subway from Bowling Green to Borough Hall. This typeface change would mark the beginning of New York City subway signs as we know them today. This time FNY will take a look at the most overlooked structures of the subway system. March 14 Construction begins on the new, municipally owned Independent Subway System (IND). One of the best practices is to set it up so that in the EDC system, data that's transferred from the IRT is not editable, so a person can't go through the EDC system and make an edit to that data. Initially, trains on the line were served by elevated trains from the IRT Second Avenue Line and the IRT Third Avenue Line, with a connection running from the Third Avenue local tracks at Third Avenue and 149th Street to Westchester Avenue and Eagle Avenue. Parts of the BRT subway had been built, using the Manhattan Bridge to connect with the lines to Coney Island. [4]:93[6]:189–190 However, construction on the section between 104th Street and 125th Street had already begun prior to the design change, requiring that a portion of the work be undone. [1]:162–191, On July 12, 1900, the contract was modified to widen the subway at Spring Street to allow for the construction of 600 feet (183 m) of a fifth track, and to lengthen express station platforms to 350 feet (107 m) to accommodate longer trains. [2]:5, Note that this is a list of New York City Subway lines, which are the physical infrastructure over which, Template:Attached KML/Early history of the IRT subway, New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, "Interborough Rapid Transit System, Manhattan Valley Viaduct", "RAPID TRANSIT EXTENSION. ; Mayor Declares Subway Open -- Ovations for Parsons and McDonald", "Farthest North in Town by the Interborough — Take a Trip to the New Station, 225th Street West — It's Quite Lke the Country — You Might Be in Dutchess County, but You Are Still In Manhattan Borough — Place Will Bustle Soon", "Our First Subway Completed At Last — Opening of the Van Cortlandt Extension Finishes System Begun in 1900 — The Job Cost $60,000,000 — A Twenty-Mile Ride from Brooklyn to 242d Street for a Nickel Is Possible Now", "Discuss Subway Signs in 18th St. Station — Engineer Parsons and Mr. Hedley Inspect Advertising Scheme — Bronx Viaduct Works Well — Delays There Only Those of Newness — Lenox Avenue Service Makes Fuss Below Ninety-Sixth Street", "Subway Trains Running From Bronx to Battery — West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight — Start Without a Hitch — Bowling Green Station Also Opened — Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter", "Subway to Brooklyn Opened for Traffic — First Regular Passenger Train Went Under the East River Early This Morning — Not a Hitch in the Service — Gov. These sections had been awarded to William Bradley. In 1918, a new "H" system was placed in service, with separate East Side and West Side lines; these lines still operate as part of the New York City Subway. An EDC system is what statisticians use at the end of a trial to analyze data, and prior to integration between an IRT and EDC, data from the IRT had to manually uploaded to the EDC. These edfices housed critical components of its power distribution system — the substations and the original power house on Manhattan’s west side. MTA Chairman Pat Foye sits down with Cheddar to talk about the reopening of New York's subway, how the MTA will work to keep riders and staff safe and the cost of coronavirus on the city's public transit system, No Pandemic-Related Fare Increases For New York Subway System, We use cookies and similar technologies on this site to collect identifiers, such as IP address, and cookie and device IDs as described in our. All three branches were served by express trains; no local trains used the East Side Branch to West Farms (180th Street). The IRT Lexington Avenue Line is one of the lines of the A Division of the New York City Subway, stretching from Lower Manhattan north to 125th Street in East Harlem. Additional columns between the tracks, placed every 5 feet (1.5 m), supported the jack-arched concrete station roofs. The new resolution specified that the third track would be for express trains. Construction was begun on Section 14, the portion for a point 100 feet (30 m) north of 182nd Street to Hillside Avenue, by L. B. McCabe & Brother on March 27, 1901. The IRT subway had been built, along with its initial branches and extensions. The first IRT subway ran between City Hall and 145th Street at Broadway, opening on October 27, 1904. Work on Section 9-B, between Gerard Avenue on 149th Street and a point past Third Avenue where the viaduct begins, was started on June 13, 1901 by J.C. Rogers. So it was done. The Subway is the new headquarters for Reese, Finch, and Shaw.The Subway is an abandoned Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) repair siding that was built in the 1930s and remained operational until the city of New York's new water main system forced its closure. The new signals allowed trains approaching a station to run more closely to the stopped train, eliminating the need to be separated by hundreds of feet. The Independent Subway (IND) was formed by the City in the 1920s as a subway that would be "independent" of manipulation by the IRT and BMT companies. At Third Avenue, the line would emerge onto a viaduct, continuing over Westchester Avenue, Southern Boulevard and Boston Road to Bronx Park. The first one, conceived in 1929, was to be part of the city-operated Independent Subway System … The roofs of the platforms were supported by cast iron columns placed every 15 feet (4.6 m). [10]:781 Some trains would originate at 145th Street instead of Bronx Park. The only major change to these patterns was made in 1959, when all 1 trains became local and all 2 and 3 trains became express. Early 1920 previous - next. They cited the long distance between the two nearest subway stations, and the need to serve Central Park West. Clifton Hood identifies two distinct periods in the politics of the New York City subway system; the first from 1888-1907, where business interests were the dominant force in decision-making, and the period after 1907, when "professional politicians made the most important transit decisions" A detailed accounting of the history leading up to the inception of the IRT subway project is beyond the scope of … The Elm Street route was chosen later that year, cutting west to Broadway via 42nd Street. The 5 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. Under the "H" system, the original line and early extensions were rearranged as follows: Planning for the system that was built began with the Rapid Transit Act, signed into law on May 22, 1894, which created the Board of Rapid Transit Railroad Commissioners. The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) won the construction contract with a $35 million bid (over one billion dollars in today's money). On January 24, 1901, the Board adopted the first route, which would extend the subway from City Hall to the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR)'s Flatbush Avenue terminal station (now known as Atlantic Terminal) in Brooklyn. By 1989, an updated subway manual called for Helvetica to be used across the board, and not just for the letter ‘J.’. The 191st Street station did not open until January 14, 1911 because the elevators and other work had not yet been completed. The contractor petitioned the board once more for the permission to build a third track continuously from 137th Street to 103rd Street, some of which was already authorized, and to build a storage yard between 137th Street and 145th Street, with three tracks on either side of the main line to allow for the storage of 150 cars. [5], On February 26, the Board instructed the Chief Engineer to evaluate the feasibility of extending the subway south to South Ferry, and then to Brooklyn. Initially a private operator was sought but eventually, the City's Board of Transportation began operation itself. The Board declined to construct the station after serious consideration. The history of the New York City subway system began in 1900, when the Interborough Rapid Transit company began constructing the first underground transit line in the city. (Reis 2009) 1932 The IRT goes into receivership. In 1915, a new subway line emerged out of Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company, which was later taken over by the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT). Discussion and plans for various ambitious rapid-transit rail systems had been underway for decades. The loop was designed to allow local trains to be turned around, and to pass under the express tracks under Park Row without an at-grade crossing, and to allow for a possible future extension south under Broadway. The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system that is in New York City, United States.It is run by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). [4]:227, On November 15, 1899, contract for the construction of the subway and for its operation were advertised. [21] On April 14, 1906, the shuttle trains started stopping at 168th Street. Over the next few years, the IRT expanded into Brooklyn and Queens. local track - as Surface Transit System GM bus runs along Avenue under the EL structure above. Over the next few years, the IRT expanded into Brooklyn and Queens. The history of the New York City subway system began in 1900, when the Interborough Rapid Transit company began constructing the first underground transit line in the city. The … The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the first subway system to open in New York City in 1904. Local trains (Broadway and Lenox Avenue) were sent to South Ferry, while express trains (Broadway and West Farms) used the new Clark Street Tunnel to Brooklyn. The selection of the typeface turned out to be somewhat of a surprise as the similar, and more popular, 1950s style Helvetica was beginning to take off. The system had four tracks between City … Express service on the IRT White Plains Road Line ... to bring subway cars and other equipment on and off the system. Most subway lines built after 1913 were built by the New York City government. On May 14, 1900, L. B. McCabe & Brother commenced work on Section 13, the segment between 133rd Street and a point 100 feet (30 m) north of 182nd Street. To remedy that, the MTA hired design firm Unimark, which began implementing signage changes at city subway stations. (Reis 2009) 1939 December 12 Subway unification (IRT, BMT, IND) marks the largest railroad merger in U.S. Capacity on the IRT's subway system doubled, increasing its usage. When the Independent Subway System (IND) opened its Eighth Avenue line in 1932, newly designed rolling stock went into service. Once the connection to the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened on July 10, 1905, trains from the newly opened IRT subway ran via the line. The new station cost $30,000[6]:10 and opened on October 28, 1910. The New York City Subway System IRT. It called for a subway line from New York City Hall in lower Manhattan to the Upper West Side, where two branches would lead north into the Bronx. [6]:191, The Contractor for the subway purchased a large area of land on the Harlem River near 150th Street for the construction of a terminal for the East Side Line. https://untappedcities.com/.../05/secret-meaning-behind-colors-nyc-subway [39], When the "H" system opened in 1918, all trains from the old system were sent south from Times Square–42nd Street along the new IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The typeface the firm went with was called Standard Medium. In 1980, a revised subway manual called for Helvetica to be used whenever a ‘J’ appeared in discs or diamonds, shapes used to denote part- or full-time service. The IRT—or Interborough Rapid Transit Company—was the independently owned subway system that launched the first trains in 1904. Local stations, which served only local trains, had side platforms located on the outside of the tracks, while express stations served both local and express trains and had island platforms between each direction's pair of local and express tracks. [6]:191 This extension opened on August 1, 1908. New York’s vast subway system consists of 460 stations along 660 miles of track. E. P. Roberts and Terry & Tench Construction Company completed this work. Original maps for the privately opened Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), which opened in 1904, showed subway routes as well as elevated routes. [6]:191[24] (The original plan had been to turn east on 230th Street to just west of Bailey Avenue, at the New York Central Railroad's Kings Bridge station. While typeface size and style can seem like a minute detail to the average person trying to successfully navigate an area, experts say easy to read, a uniform typeface is more memorable. For fourteen years, it consisted of a single trunk line below 96th Street with several northern branches. A sense of continuity across the lines would not come for nearly 30 years until the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) was formed in 1968. (Reis 2009) They are NOT "MTH TRAINS Subway Cars" ! It was anticipated that these improvements would increase capacity by 25 percent. The system … As part of Contract 4, the IRT agreed to build a branch of the original subway line south down Seventh Avenue, Varick Street, and West Broadway to serve the West Side of Manhattan. The Subway is an abandoned Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) repair siding that was built in the 1930s and remained operational until the city of New York's new water main system forced its closure. Work on Section 11, from 104th Street to 135th Street, which had been awarded to John Shields, began on June 18, 1901. For fourteen years, it consisted of a single trunk line below 96th Street with several northern branches. The independently-run IRT ran from City Hall in downtown Manhattan all the way uptown to Harlem, stopping at 28 stations along the way. Community » News & Media. In February 1910, work began on the construction of a permanent terminal for the West Farms Branch at Zoological Park at 181st Street and Boston Road, replacing the temporary station at this location. With few exceptions, there were two types of stations that chief architect William Barclay Parsons's team designed as part of Contract 1. By 1940, New York City purchased the IRT and BMT lines and merged them with the IND after they all faced a number of financial woes. Hughes and Brooklyn Officials to Join in a Formal Celebration of Event To-day", "Brooklyn Joyful Over New Subway — Celebrates Opening of Extension with Big Parade and a Flow of Oratory — An Ode to August Belmont — Anonymous Poet Calls Him "the Brownie of the Caisson and Spade" — He Talks on Subways", "Another Centennial–Original Subway Extended To Fulton Street", "TEN-CAR TRAINS IN SUBWAY TO-DAY; New Service Begins on Lenox Av. The system would be changed from looking like a "Z" … [40] These services became 1 (Broadway express and local), 2 (West Farms express), and 3 (Lenox Avenue local) in 1948. 'In Real Time' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. The four-tracked IRT Eastern Pkwy Line, onto which the Nostrand Ave Line merges, is labelled Tracks 1-2-3-4 from left to right when looking north, with the middle express tracks being labelled Tracks 2 and 3. [40], The designs of the underground stations generally conformed to a similar format. The BRT had a second way into Manhattan, via the Williamsburg Bridge. Construction for the IRT subway officially commenced on March 24, 1900, in a ceremony in front of City Hall, featuring then-Mayor Van Wyck breaking ground with a ceremonial shovel. [3]:46–47 Heins & LaFarge were commissioned to design the stations' decorations, as well as the entrance and exit kiosks and buildings. The line is served by the 4, ​ 5, ​ 6, and <6> trains. In addition to $1.5 million spent on platform lengthening, $500,000 was spent on building additional entrances and exits. The platforms at 168th Street and 181st Street, and the northbound platform at Grand Central, were not extended. The subway through which the shuttle runs was opened on October 27, 1904 by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), the first day of subway service in Manhattan. While the fascinating history of the city’s subway system type has been etched off of many station walls and signs, commuters can still trek to locations like the City Hall station to catch a glimpse of old New York. IRT service expanded to the Bronx in 1905, to Brooklyn in 1908 and to Queens in 1915. In order to increase Brooklyn service, it was decided to continue serving South Ferry via shuttle service. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II). The independently-run IRT ran from City Hall in downtown Manhattan all the way uptown to Harlem, stopping at 28 stations along the way. The new signals were also installed at Grand Central, 14th Street, Brooklyn Bridge, and 72nd Street. [5] [6] [7] The construction of this line, in conjunction with the construction of the Lexington Avenue Line , would change the operations of the IRT system. Here, the track would descend to the level of the center or Lenox Avenue Line tracks. … In 1940, the two private systems were bought by the city. A legal battle with property owners along the route led to the courts denying permission to build through Broadway in 1896. Internet » Chat-- and more... Rate it: IRT: Ice Road Truckers. The platforms at all but three express stations were extended to accommodate ten-car trains. City Hall was the first NYC subway station to open to the public in 1904, as part of the Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT) system, and was designed … [23], The initial segment of the IRT White Plains Road Line opened on November 26, 1904 between East 180th Street and Jackson Avenue. The system's 472 stations qualifies it to have the largest number of rapid transit stations in the world. ; Mayor Signs Ordinance for Lenox Avenue Line to 150th Street", "SEEK NEW SUBWAY STATION; Commission Hears Pleas for 104th St. That line ran from City Hall in lower Manhattan, to Bronx Park and 230th street in The Bronx. The stop was placed at 145th Street along tracks that were only intended to lead to Lenox Yard. The IND also adopted a similar logical labeling system, but used them publicly on trains and maps. They were the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Corporation (BRT) and the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT). Construction on the portion from 110th Street to a point 100 feet (30 m) north of 135th Street, Section 8, was begun on August 30, 1900 by Farrell & Hopper. The act provided that the commission would lay out routes with the consent of property owners and local authorities, either build the system or sell a franchise for its construction, and lease it to a private operating company. [35]:105–106, On January 18, 1910, a modification was made to Contracts 1 and 2 to lengthen station platforms to increase the length of express trains to eight cars from six cars, and to lengthen local trains from five cars to six cars. On September 12, 1900, work began on the line from Great Jones Street and 41st Street. The line's cost was expected to be no greater than $8 million. On August 19, 1901, E. P. Roberts and Terry & Tench Construction Company began work on Section 10, from Brook Avenue to Bronx Park and 182nd Street. Post-War Changes American involvement in World War II and the use of raw materials and labor for the war effort made subway expansion in the 1940s nonexistent. [32], On June 18, 1908, a modification to Contract 2 was made to add shuttle service between Bowling Green and South Ferry. Transportation options were booming across the city, but these new subway systems were completely independent of each other, and here is where the makings of the complicated New York City subway system, as we know it, begins. Until the platform extensions were completed the first two-cars of trains did not platform. [1]:139–161 The subway plans were drawn up by a team of engineers led by William Barclay Parsons, chief engineer of the Rapid Transit Commission. [35]:15, On January 23, 1911 ten-car express trains began running on the Lenox Avenue Line, and on the following day, ten-car express trains were inaugurated on the Broadway Line. In May 1900, two routes were examined for the Brooklyn extension. [29] In order to complete Contract 2, the subway had to be extended under the East River to reach Brooklyn. This change was expected to promote the benefits of using the subway for travel to Harlem. One route would have run under Broadway to Whitehall Street, under the East River, Joralemon Street, Fulton Street, and Flatbush Avenue to Atlantic Avenue. [41][42][43] The portion south of Grand Central–42nd Street became part of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, and now carries 4 (express), 5 (express), 6 (local), and ⟨6⟩ (local) trains; the short piece under 42nd Street is now the 42nd Street Shuttle. (Reis 2009) 1934 January 1 Fiorello H. LaGuardia becomes mayor of New York. Structural defects in the subway that required immediate attention at the time were labeled as "Code Red" defects or "Red Tag" areas; these Code Red defects were numerous on the Flushing Line. [1]:139–161 Elm Street would be widened and cut through from Centre Street and Duane Street to Lafayette Place to provide a continuous thoroughfare for the subway to run under. 3-story tall arched windows dominate the first floor. It was immediately clear that expansion of the subway system would be necessary and additional lines were built. As with the rest of the system, the IRT Flushing Line was allowed to deteriorate throughout the 1970s to the late 1980s. At 100th Street, a spur would connect to the other tracks. [1]:162–191[5], Shortly afterwards, the Rapid Transit Construction Company began preparing for the actual construction of the line, divided the route up into fifteen sections, and invited bids from subcontractors for each of these segments. But ever-increasing ridership eventually required the Interborough's five-car local stations to be lengthened to accommodate longer trains, and so the IRT underwent an extensive program of station lengthening in the 1940s and early 1950s. Since the line opened, service patterns have been streamlined. [9]:43 Residents of the area requested the construction of a station at this location again in 1921. [6]:191[20] This extension was served by shuttle trains operating between 157th Street and 221st Street. The first regularly operated subway in New York City was built by the city, and upon the completion of the subway's first segment in 1904, it was leased to the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) for operation under Contracts 1 and 2, along with contract 3 of the Dual Contracts. August Belmont founded the IRT in 1902, though it was soon dubbed the “Interborough Rattled Transit” by riders frustrated by late and overcrowded trains. Local trains to the West Side Branch (242nd Street) ran from City Hall during rush hours and continued south at other times; East side local trains ran between City Hall and 145th Street. [22]:78, The original system as included in Contract 1 was completed on January 14, 1907, when trains started running across the Harlem Ship Canal on the Broadway Bridge to 225th Street,[20] meaning that 221st Street could be closed. McMullan & McBean began work on the section from 135th Street and Lenox Avenue to Gerard Avenue and 149th Street, Section 9-A, on September 10, 1901. Rate it: IRT: … In 1904, Interborough Rapid Transit line (IRT) was born, becoming the city’s first official underground commuter train line. The cost was estimated to be $100,000. As part of a rebuilding of the line in the late 1950s, all local trains were sent up the Broadway Branch, and all express trains were sent up the Lenox Avenue Line. This new plan, formally adopted on January 14, 1897, consisted of a line from City Hall north to Kingsbridge and a branch under Lenox Avenue and to Bronx Park, to have four tracks from City Hall to the junction at 103rd Street. Work on the stone piers and foundations for the viaduct was done by E. P. Roberts, while other work was done by Terry & Tench Construction Company. On October 2, 1900, Farrell & Hopper started work on Section 7, from 103rd Street to 110th Street and Lenox Avenue. Since 1968, the subway has been controlled by the Metropolitan Transport Authority (MTA). Central to the advertising campaign were two series of posters called The Subway … [22]:71, 73 Through service began north of 157th Street, with express trains terminating at 168th Street or 221st Street. On May 30, 1906, the 181st Street station opened, and the shuttle operation ended. The first section, from Great Jones Street to a point 100 feet (30 m) north of 33rd Street, Section 3, had been awarded to Holbrook, Cabot & Daly Contracting Company, while the remaining section to 41st Street, Section 4 was to be done by Ira A. Shaker. Was anticipated that these improvements would increase Capacity by 25 percent point of view s west side of IRT... North of 157th Street, allowing for local and express service on that portion architectural point of view components... Operation of trains used the East side Branch, or IRT, BMT, IND ) opened in.! Trains terminating at 168th Street and Lenox Avenue line Reis 2009 ) 1934 January 1 Fiorello H. LaGuardia becomes of! Brt ) and the need to serve Central Park west was placed at Street... Completed this work done City Hall in lower Manhattan, to Bronx Park 230th! Were constructed on the IRT goes into receivership equipment on and off the system had been,. ) 1934 January 1 Fiorello H. LaGuardia becomes mayor of New York City stations... Route led to the Bronx the team moved its operations there after they abandoned Library... Board of Transportation began operation itself meaning of IRT on Abbreviations.com some time after, the IRT 's `` ''... And switches overcrowding on City streets and an alternative for elevated trains, so more began break... In the Bronx City subway stations, and the original Interborough Rapid Transit subway, or IRT, York... [ 6 ]:191 [ 20 ] this extension opened on October 24,.. Manhattan, to Bronx Park and 230th Street, 1908 a solution to the late 1980s Street tracks... Trains started stopping at 28 stations along 660 miles of track a second way Manhattan! Conformed to a similar format Residents of the plan, a spur would connect to the 145th Street did! A look at the most overlooked structures of the underground stations generally conformed to a similar format Transit ( ). 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