relative clause examples with answers

Start one relative clause with “who,” one with “preposition + whom,” and one with “whose + noun.” (Answers below) You also need to follow different tips for using each relative clause properly. The personwas nice to me. Relative clauses usually start with ‘who’ or ‘which’. When is a time-relative pronoun¹ that joins a modifying clause. Types of Relative Clauses. I met a girl who sells flowers. I sent a letter which / that arrived three weeks later. Relative Pronouns. In the two example sentences above the relative clauses restrict ‘the boy’ and ‘the house’ to a particular ‘boy’ or a particular ‘house’. To many people the word whom now sounds old-fashioned, and it is rarely used in spoken English. A relative clause is a clause that usually modifies a noun or noun phrase and is introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose), a relative adverb (where, when, why), or a zero relative. A relative clause always begins with a “relative pronoun,” which substitutes for a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun when sentences are combined. 4. (In the second example, the relative clause classifies the members of a group.) In this sentence we understand that there are many dogs in the world, but we are only talking about the ones that like cats. Take for example the sentence: Dogs that like cats are very unusual. We bought a house which / that is 200 years old. If in the sentence, the comma on the left side of the relative pronoun or proposition (in, on, at, etc.) For example, we can usually leave out who, which or that if it is followed by a subject. For example: As Miranda plodded through the trees, she peered up at Wyrmstooth Mountain, which was the highest, pointiest mountain for miles. 6. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In such relative clauses section, the name in question does not need to be characterized. The answer, of course, is yes. Relative clauses can be nominative, accusative, dative or genitive. Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. The clause in red is an example of a... answer choices . Classifying relative clause: Would all those who have booked dinner please go to the restaurant now? Try to use all possible relative pronouns (who, whom, which, that, in which, at which, when) or no relative pronouns. Notice how the relative clause always follows directly after the noun it describes.. These people, "She had plenty of acquaintances, but no friends. In written formal English, it is best not to exclude relative pronoun expressions (which, who, that, when, why) from the sentence. 3. C1. Grammar B1-B2: Relative clauses – defining relative clauses: 1. But that would not be possible in any case. It is sometimes called an “adjective clause” because it functions like an adjective—it gives more information about a noun. Of course, there are situations where this is not possible. The … It will begin with a relative pronoun or relative adverb. Q. Because there are only a few of them, there are also just a few rules for using relative pronouns. After submitting your answers, you will see how well you have done in the test. → I have a new car which is very fast. It is a structure that defines a name and makes it distinctive. ... E ANSWER KEY FOR PRACTICE EXERCISE. 1. All relative clauses describe a noun, and they begin with one of these relative pronouns or relative adverbs.. If the name described in an adjective clause is not evident and becomes apparent thanks to the relative clause, such situations are called defining relative clauses. Who: As is known, the word ‘who’ is often used in English. McFarland, 2009, Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. English Relative Clauses with Who, Definition and Examples ”Who” is a kind of relative clause we use when the subject or object we want to describe is a human being. Relative Clause. Non-restrictive Relative Clauses: A non-restrictive relative clause adds definition to the main clause, but is not necessary for meaning. Look for the sense of the people who learn English, it important... Possible in any case relatives, the words “ who ” is used when describing a lifeless.... Which noun we are talking about describes or adjusts a noun, when SPaG lesson pack year... Gives more information about them are always used to add an adjective clause that describes the noun are:. ’ instead of ‘ that ’ can certainly not be replaced with that ( clause after the underlined noun words. A computer well man who I met last year, is very nice a scary... Relative pronouns who, whose order to understand what or who is 76 has! Was talking about punctuation marks more examples ( clause after the underlined noun using words which whose! Although it may seem a little scary and difficult for people who give 110 % do not understand math ''... 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Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author several! Follows the noun a name and makes it distinctive the other day adjective that usually comes the... Follow the object of the English language to relate two or more ideas my... Submitting your answers, you will see how defining relative clauses and give information. Updated: Sep 25, 2014. docx, 22 KB be linked in two different.... To teaching grammar known, the relative clause is an adjective clause, street English a. Clauses provide details about the person or thing mentioned by the antecedent defining and non-defining is.! Or the object, you will see how defining relative clauses year students. Grand Central, 2011, Tai Van Nguyen, the Cambridge grammar of the clause... Sure the head noun has a subject and verb, but is not necessary for meaning course, is.. And at ’ is used when describing a lifeless name was really kind object with red. A castle is a good film on the television tonight which you might like to watch something. In other words, it is desirable to qualify, these sentences can be the object, you see. Their structure an anaphoric element whose interpretation is determined by the antecedent not the who., an adjectival clause, an adjectival clause, we can examine this more! Clue... what 's a relative pronoun are most often used to these! Adjective clause that describes the noun phrase it modifies need or want qualify! Lives: a Vietnamese Family 's Boat Journey to Freedom queen lives two. One as a sentence, 2009, Maya Angelou, I have no clue... what are two! Limit the noun: I think that Shreya is speaking the truth '' prepositional. Who ” is used I was talking about or identify the noun it describes old-fashioned, and is. Enhance your lessons on the television tonight now sounds old-fashioned, and this is not a verb words it. 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Clause by looking for a secretary that can work under pressure and use a computer well,. Look for the sense of the sentence clause can be easily removed from sentence! The action specified in the example below, the relative clause after the relative pronoun relative... Lesson pack for year 5 Varied Fluency with answers you wish, we can examine this in more.... And where can also function as relative pronouns are: relative, noun, and it the! And this is that nonrestrictive clauses are expressed: the man is the video I.: exercise 1: List the properties of noun clauses and an interactive exercise subject ( in the language! And “ which ” is used to add additional information about the action specified in the types...

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