ulmus glabra 'horizontalis'

Jacob George Strutt's 1822 book, Sylva Britannica attests that the Wych Elm was sometimes referred to as the "Wych Hazel". The word "wych" (also spelled "witch") comes from the Old English wice, meaning pliant or supple, which also gives definition to wicker and weak. Use as a specimen or small shade tree. Burr on wych bole, Royal Terrace Gardens, Edinburgh, Burl on wych bole, Regent Road, Edinburgh, In 18th century France, the inner bark of Ulmus glabra, orme pyramidale, had a brief reputation as a panacea;[34][35] Broadleaf deciduous tree, 6-15 ft (1.8-4,5 m), round headed, pendulous branches, often grafted to U. americana . It is the most distinct of the British elms in that it rarely suckers and sets abundant viable seed. [26] Although rarely used as a street tree owing to its shape, it can be surprisingly tolerant of urban air pollution, constricted growing conditions, and severe pollarding. Soó; Ulmus glabra f. glabrata (Sond.) aka Horizontal Elm. The alternate leaves are deciduous, 6–17 cm long by 3–12 cm broad, usually obovate with an asymmetric base, the lobe often completely covering the short (<5 mm) petiole; the upper surface is rough. Pages 20–28 in: Martín-Benito D., Concepción García-Vallejo M., Alberto Pajares J., López D. 2005. It has golden … Acc. Ulmus campestris L. Ulmus campestris subsp. ex Dippel; Ulmus glutinosa Willd. It is primarily native to the north and west of Britain and much of mainland Europe. Coleman, Max, ed., Wych Elm (Royal Botanic Garden publications, Edinburgh, 2009). Ulmus glabra 'Camperdownii' Camperdown elm Sold by 4 nurseries. In keeping with the novel's epigraph, "Only connect...", the wych elm may be seen by some as a symbol of the connection of humans to the earth. [3] Wych elm has also been successfully introduced to Narsarsuaq, near the southern tip of Greenland (61°N). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. 20-35 ft. and insect pests resistant Ulmus glabra 70-100 ft. Ulmus glabra 'Horizontalis' 15-20 ft. and weeping; Ulmus 'Homestead' 40-60 ft. and Dutch elm disease resistant Ulmus minor 70-90 ft. Ulmus parvifolia 40-60 ft. Ulmus pumila 50-70 ft. and grows fast Ulmus rubra 40-60 ft. and long-lived Ulmus x … form a strategic partnership called N.C. Grows to about 6 x 5 metres depending on the height of the graft. — it was a true panacea. [45] The earlier trees were raised in response to the initial Dutch elm disease pandemic that afflicted Europe after the First World War, and were to prove vulnerable to the much more virulent strain of the disease that arrived in the late 1960s. Pendula: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Tracheophyta class Magnoliopsida order Rosales family Ulmaceae genus Ulmus species Ulmus glabra cultivar Ulmus glabra 'Horizontalis… [20] Moreover, once the tree is dying, its bark is quickly colonized by the fungus Phoma, which radically reduces the amount of bark available for the beetle to breed on. horizontalis (G.Kirchn.) "it was taken as a powder, as an extract, as an elixir, even in baths. [41][42] Other ancient specimens grow at Styria, in Austria, and at Grenzhammer, Germany (see Gallery). Noteworthy Characteristics. Ulmus cebennensis Audib. A unique tree with a rigid, horizontal branch structure that makes it ideal as a stand alone specimen or as the perfect shade tree with plenty of head room beneath. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Tabletop Scotch Elm (Ulmus glabra) ''Horizontalis'' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Flowers small, small reddish-green, appear in spring before the foliage emerges. (2005). Angl. The ULMUS Horizontalis & Pendula – Spreading & Weeping Elm – excellent shade trees with wide spreading canopy and deep green foliage providing welcome shade. latifolia Aiton, Ulmus communis Carrière, Ulmus glabra var. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Ulmus glabra 'Camperdownii'. [10] (not to be confused with Hamamelis wych hazels). [14], The type sometimes reaches heights of 40 m, typically with a broad crown where open-grown, supported by a short bole < 2 m. diameter at breast height (DBH). Tabletop Elm is a small tree with horizontal branches and weeping branchlets. Ulmus glabra 'Horizontalis' NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Ulmus glabra Huds. Ulmus glabra f. firma (C.K.Schneid.) [20] A crossing in Russia of U. glabra and U. pumila produced the hybrid named Ulmus × arbuscula. [28][4] It was introduced to New England in the 18th century,[29] to Canada (as U. montana at the Dominion Arboretum, Ottawa) [30][31] and Australia in the 19th century. Leaves alternate, simple, oblong-ovate to elliptic, 7.5-18 cm long (larger than U. americana ), very unequal at base, dark green above with a fine sandpaper surface. The wych elm is moderately shade-tolerant, but requires deep, rich soils as typically found along river valleys. Ulmus glabra is a deciduous tree with spreading branches and a broad, rounded crown; it can grow 20 - 30 metres tall, exceptionally to 40 metres, with a bole that can reach 180cm in diameter [ 11 Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Ulmus glabrais a large forest tree, and often an important canopy tree in ancient and semi‐natural woodlands. Owing to its former abundance in Scotland, the tree is occasionally known as the Scotch or Scots elm; Loch Lomond is said to be a corruption of the Gaelic Lac Leaman interpreted by some as 'Lake of the Elms', 'leaman' being the plural form of leam or lem, 'elm'. It arose as a seedling at Camperdown House, Dundee, in the first half of the 19th century (U. montana pendula Camperdownii Hort. $129.99. Screening European Elms for Resistance to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. [2] The tree can form pure forests in Scandinavia and occurs as far north as latitude 67°N at Beiarn in Norway, and has been successfully introduced as far north as Tromsø, Norway and Alta, Norway (70°N). Ulmus glabra 'Lutescens' Golden Elm. Research in Spain has indicated the presence of a triterpene, alnulin, rendering the tree bark less attractive to the beetle than the field elm, though at 87 Î¼g/g dried bark, its concentration is not as effective as in Ulmus laevis (200 Î¼g/g). Dec 27, 2016 - ULMUS glabra 'Horizontalis', Horizontal Spreading Elm is a hardy shade tree with a wide spreading canopy and deep green foliage. glabra.[9]. Ulmus glabra Huds. N.C. Strong growing branches which spread horizontally in flat layers. Current Stock Height: 200/220 cm ? ex Henry; U. montana pendula Kirchn. New horizons in Dutch elm disease control. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. It was good for the nerves, the chest, the stomach — what can I say? It is usually grafted onto a standard stock and the crown shape can vary from being evenly spreading, spreading to one side in a fan-shape manner or being more weeping. Join now. A medium-sized deciduous tree which has a vase shape when young, but develops into a tree with a more rounded canopy as it matures. U. glabra hybridises naturally with U. minor, producing elms of the Ulmus × hollandica group, from which have arisen a number of cultivars: However, hybrids of U. glabra and U. pumila, the Siberian elm, have not been observed in the field and only achieved in the laboratory, though the ranges of the two species, the latter introduced by man, overlap in parts of Southern Europe, notably Spain. Webber, J. About 40 cultivars have been raised, although at least 30 are now probably lost to cultivation as a consequence of Dutch elm disease and/or other factors: NB: 'Exoniensis', Exeter Elm, has traditionally been classified as a form of U. glabra, but its identity is now a matter of contention. The bosses on old trees produce the characteristic fissures and markings of 'burr elm' wood. Infobox Cultivar | name = Ulmus glabra image caption = Horizontalis , Ballarat Botanical Garden, Australia cultivar = Horizontalis origin = Perth, ScotlandThe Weeping Wych Elm, also known as the Horizontal Elm Ulmus glabra Horizontalis is an elm… The wych elm of the novel had pigs' teeth embedded in the trunk by country people long ago and it was said that chewing some of the bark could cure toothache. Ulmus Horizontalis H/W 2m ? A weeping cultivar of U. x vegeta (U. carpinifolia x U. glabra), according to Hortus III. In the mid 1800s, a unique sport of an elm in Scotland was noticed in the forest of Camperdown House in Dundee. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ulmus (family Ulmaceae ). Went, J. Ulmus glabra, commonly called Scotch elm or Wych elm, is a large, wide-spreading, deciduous tree that typically grows to 70-100’ with a broad-rounded crown.It is native from Great Britain to Siberia. Possibly the oldest specimen in England was found in 2018 in a field north of Hopton Castle in Shropshire. This tree overhangs the house of the title and is said to have a "...girth that a dozen men could not have spanned..." Forster describes the tree as "...a comrade, bending over the house, strength and adventure in its roots." The fruit is a winged samara 20 mm long and 15 mm broad, with a single, round, 6 mm seed in the centre, maturing in late spring. Coppiced long ago, its bole girth measured 6.3  m in 2018. 3-6 inch long leaves are short-stalked and oval with a pointed tip and asymmetrical base. [46], Wych elms, Samuel Bough, Edinburgh Castle from Princes Street, c.1878. DNA analysis by Cemagref (now Irstea) in France has determined the genetic diversity within the species is very limited, making the chances of a resistant tree evolving rather remote. Ulmus glabra 'Horizontalis' (Pendula) UKSI Common Name Source; Wych Elm var. [27], Wych elm was widely planted in Edinburgh in the 19th century as a park and avenue tree, and despite losses, it remains abundant there, regenerating through seedlings. (1980). It is usually grafted onto a tall understock of Ulmus glabra to effectively display its weeping habit. It is the only elm native to Ireland. [22], The Swedish Forest Tree Breeding Association at Källstorp produced triploid and tetraploid forms of the tree, but these proved no more resistant to Dutch elm disease than the normal diploid form. Description 'Horizontalis' has branches that extend out horizontally with weeping branchlets. It was once widely planted in the U.S. as a shade tree for large lawns and parks, but is no longer used because of susceptibility to Dutch elm disease. Ulmus glabra, the wych elm, Scotch elm or Scots elm, has the widest range of the European elm species, from Ireland eastwards to the Urals, and from the Arctic Circle south to the mountains of the Peloponnese in Greece; it is also found in Iran. Lime-green blossom in spring juts prior to leaf burst. QTY: CLICK TO ENLARGE. The Dutch Elm Disease - Summary of fifteen years' hybridization and selection work (1937–1952). One of the finest such specimens left in the UK, this is a weeping wych elm, Ulmus glabra “Horizontalis”. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-26 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Fl. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). [Illegitimate] Synonym: WCSP (in review) 2012-03-26: Ulmus glabra f. concavifolia Dippel: Synonym: WCSP (in review) 2012-03-26: Ulmus glabra var. This is most often grafted on a 6-7' understock, usually U. americana in the US and U. carpinifolia in Europe, according to Dirr. A natural biological control of Dutch elm disease. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. In 1998, over 700 healthy, mature trees were discovered on the upper slopes of Mount Å imonka in Slovakia, but they are believed to have survived courtesy of their isolation from disease-carrying beetles rather than any innate resistance; 50 clones of these trees were presented to the Prince of Wales for planting at his Highgrove Estate, and at Clapham, Yorkshire. [21] In European trials, clones of apparently resistant trees were inoculated with the pathogen, causing 85 – 100% wilting, resulting in 68% mortality by the following year. Dippel: Synonym: WCSP (in review) 2012-03-26: Ulmus glabra f. propendens C.K.Schneid. Syn. Captions. sec. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. [39] Other notable specimens in Edinburgh are to be found in Learmonth Gardens and The Meadows. From this was developed nursery stock and today all Camperdowns are grafted with scion wood from … VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Ulmus glabra 'Horizontalis' Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. [4], Closely related species, such as Bergmann's elm U. bergmanniana and Manchurian elm U. laciniata, native to northeast Asia, were once sometimes included in U. glabra;[5] another close relative is the Himalayan or Kashmir elm U. wallichiana. "[36] It still appeared in a pharmacopeia of 1893.[35]. [43], U. glabra, planted 1620, Bergemolo, near Demonte, Italy, U. glabra, Hopton Castle, Shropshire, England, 300-year-old U. glabra (after lopping), Grenzhammer, Ilmenau, Germany[44], The Duddingston elm (girth 5.2 m), Edinburgh. Summary [] As wych elm does not sucker from the roots, and any seedlings are often consumed by uncontrolled deer populations, regeneration is very restricted, limited to sprouts from the stumps of young trees. However it is susceptable to Dutch elm disease and other trees are a better choice. horizontalis G.Kirchn. Ulmus glabra 'Horizontalis' Metadata. [23], In trials conducted in Italy, the tree was found to have a slight to moderate susceptibility to elm yellows, and a high susceptibility to the elm leaf beetle Xanthogaleruca luteola.[24]. This pendulous growth was noticed by the Earl of Camperdown's gardener, who grafted it onto Ulmus glabra. The tree can eventually grow to a height of 20 metres with a similar spread. Conversely, U. elliptica Koch from the Caucasus, considered a species by some authorities,[6][7][8] is often listed as a regional form of U. Fruits are flat, pale green, hairless, with a notch at the tip and are borne in dense clusters. CEC information; tree may be seen on Google Streetview, beside Cavalry Park Drive, E. of Holy Rood High School. Kirchn.) montana (With.) Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. [25] However, the species is intolerant of flooding, as it is of prolonged drought. Dirr also says that most plants in the US labeled 'Camperdownii' are … A great feature tree or park-like specimen. Hybrids with U. glabra in their ancestry have featured strongly in recent artificial hybridization experiments in Europe, notably at Wageningen in the Netherlands, and a number of hybrid cultivars have been commercially released since 1960. A large, deciduous tree, it is essentially a montane species, growing at elevations up to 1500 m, preferring sites with moist soils and high humidity. Ulmus glabra Horizontalis - PB95 (2m S) 90 Special! Genus: Ulmus Species 'Var': glabra pendula Common Name: 'Weeping Elm' Quick Facts: A majestic, spreading shade tree with a very attractive branching habit that creates an excellent winter display. The fruit is a one-seeded winged fruit 3/4 - 1 inch long, borne on a short stalk. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Botanical Name: Ulmus glabra ‘Horizontalis’ (Ugh) Common Name: Weeping wych elm, Horizontal elm Species Description • Deciduous • Broad weeping tree with branches that extend out horizontally • Light grey bark, smooth at base then forming dark ridges and vertical fissures • … A beautiful specimen tree. Accepted: WCSP (in review) 2012-03-26: Ulmus glabra Mill. Hardy, deciduous, do especially well in Southland and Southern Lakes areas. This fast-growing elm is wide spreading, becoming wider than it is tall with age. The UK Champion listed in the Tree Register of the British Isles is at Brahan in the Scottish Highlands;[37] it has a girth of 703 cm (2.23 m DBH) and a height of 24 m[38]. Although usually placed under U. glabra it … Normally, root suckers are not seen; natural reproduction is by seed alone. Association of Nature Patriarchs in Italy: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T61966807A61966819.en, "Two varieties of North West European Ulmus glabra", http://www.ecosystems.sk/pages/news41.html, "Ilmenaus bekannteste und vermutlich Europas älteste Ulme fiel dem Unwetter zum Opfer", "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus", Jobling & Mitchell, 'Field Recognition of British Elms', Forestry Commission Booklet, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, Elm species, varieties, hybrids, hybrid cultivars and species cultivars, A. Ross Central Park = Central Park Splendor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulmus_glabra&oldid=993376181, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bartlett Tree Experts, US. The tree was by far the most common elm in the north and west of the British Isles and is now acknowledged as the only indisputably British native elm species. The only members of this species that I have ever seen in the USA are the two cultivars of 'Camperdownii' and 'Horizontalis' that are grafted, weeping forms planted occasionally in parks, estates, or arboretums. - Horizontal Elm. horizontalis (G. A good lawn specimen plant in larger parks and gardens. E. M. Forster cites a particular wych elm, one that grew at his childhood home of Rooks Nest, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, 16 times in his novel Howards End. 95 1762 . Elwes, Henry John, & Henry, Augustine, (1913). The resultant decline has been extreme, and the wych elm is now uncommon over much of its former range. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Geerinck; Ulmus glabra f. macrophylla (Dippel) Soó; Ulmus glandulosa Lindl. It is best propagated from seed or by layering stooled stock plants, although softwood cuttings taken in early June will root fairly reliably under mist. Ulmus glabra Name Synonyms? Brasier, C. M. (1996). [16][17], Wych elm near Castle Douglas, Galloway, late April, Bark of wych elm, estimated age 100 years, Wych elm samarae in May; Gothenburg, Sweden, Wych elm samarae, showing seed on the stalk side of centre, U. glabra seedling, showing cotyledons (K), Young foliage and immature fruits of wych elm, U. glabra subsp. [33] Bosses fringed with shoots are burrs, whereas unfringed bosses are burls. Ulmus glabra Pendula 2m. Unlike the other branches it grew downward to the ground then traveled horizontally. [40], In Europe, a large tree planted in 1620 grows at Bergemolo, 5 km south of Demonte in Piedmont, Italy (bole-girth 6.2 m, 2.0 m DBH, height 26 m., 2008). nos. [32], Wych elms flanking the Scott Monument, Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh, 2010, Fastigiate form of wych elm, Learmonth Gardens, Edinburgh (2016). ex Planch. It prefers full sun in moist well-drained loam but is adaptable to other soil types. Solla et al. Triterpenes in elms in Spain. Rehd., not Loud.). montana, outskirts of Edinburgh, While the species is highly susceptible to Dutch elm disease,[18][19] it is less favoured as a host by the elm bark beetles, which act as vectors. Wych elm wood is prized by craftsmen for its colouring, its crazy grain, its 'partridge-breast' or 'catspaw' markings, and when worked, its occasional iridescent greenish sheen or 'bloom'. estimated that U. glabra woodland made up around 0.1% of Scottish woodland area and the largest remaining areas in the Highlands were at Fort William and Ardnamurchan, Loch Ness, Cromarty and the Black Isle (Bowditch & Macdonald, 2016). However, further research eventually produced several trees effectively immune to disease, which were released after 1989. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Ulmus glabra is a holarctic species (Figure2) with a centre of dis - tribution in Europe (Zając & Zając, 2009). Heybroek, H. M., Goudzwaard, L, Kaljee, H. (2009). It does not grow so tall as U. glabra ‘Horizontalis’. Bonnier & Layens, 1894 Ulmus campestris var. The tree is notable for its very tough, supple young shoots, which are always without the corky ridges or 'wings' characteristic of many elms. tiny pale green flowers with no petals borne in clusters in early spring before the leaves. Margaret Schlegel, the novel's protagonist, fears that any "....westerly gale might blow the wych elm down and bring the end of all things..." The tree is changed to a chestnut in the 1991 film adaptation of Howards End. latifolia Aiton Ulmus cebennensis Audib. Can be pruned annually. Family Ulmaceae Name Status Synonym Get involved. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. "[36] It was this so-called "pyramidal elm bark" about which Michel-Philippe Bouvart famously quipped "Take it, Madame... and hurry up while it [still] cures. Soó; Ulmus glabra f. horizontalis (G.Kirchn.) The bark is grey and smooth and develops rugged vertical grooves with age. Some botanists, notably Lindquist (1931), have proposed two subspecies:[11], Much overlap is seen between populations with these characters, and the distinction may owe to environmental influence, rather than genetic variation; the subspecies are not accepted by Flora Europaea. [15] The perfect hermaphrodite flowers appear before the leaves in early spring, produced in clusters of 10–20; they are 4 mm across on 10 mm long stems, and being wind-pollinated, are apetalous. The tree can form pure forests in Scandinavia and occurs as far north as latitude 67°N at Beiarnin Norway, and has been successf… Description: Horizontal deciduous tree, usually grafted onto a 2 metre standard. : Ulmus campestris L., Ulmus campestris var. Join now. A large, deciduous tree, it is essentially a montane species, growing at elevations up to 1500 m, preferring sites with moist soils and high humidity. Leaves on juvenile or shade-grown shoots sometimes have three or more lobes near the apex. (1954). Ulmus glabra, the wych elm, Scotch elm or Scots elm, has the widest range of the European elm species, from Ireland eastwards to the Urals, and from the Arctic Circle south to the mountains of the Peloponnese in Greece; it is also found in Iran. Horizontal Elm. The oldest specimen in Edinburgh is believed to be the tree (girth 5.2 m) in the former grounds of Duddingston House, now Duddingston Golf Course. 1505, 5103, origin undisclosed, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 07:54. Gardening charity grafted to U. americana partnership with Longwood Gardens, root suckers are seen! Russia of U. glabra and U. pumila produced the hybrid named Ulmus × arbuscula also says most... Most distinct of the British elms in that it rarely suckers and sets abundant seed.: Synonym: WCSP ( in review ) 2012-03-26: Ulmus glabra Mill was found in Gardens... Offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians George Strutt 's 1822 book Sylva. 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[ 35 ] staffs local offices in all 100 counties and the. Elwes, Henry John, & Henry, Augustine, ( 1913.... Onto Ulmus glabra Mill headed, pendulous branches, often grafted to americana! Grow to a height of 20 metres with a pointed tip and are borne in clusters in spring! One-Seeded winged fruit 3/4 - 1 inch long leaves are short-stalked and oval with a notch at tip... In 2018 in a pharmacopeia of 1893. [ 35 ] the bark grey! Today and get 12 months for the nerves, the chest, the chest the. Suckers are not seen ; natural reproduction is by seed alone, which staffs local offices all. Effectively display its weeping habit of prolonged drought, at 07:54 glabra horizontalis PB95. Produced the hybrid named Ulmus × arbuscula native to the ground then traveled horizontally the chest the! One-Line explanation of what this file represents work ( 1937–1952 ) in before... Be confused with Hamamelis Wych hazels ) Ulmus glandulosa Lindl leading gardening charity sets abundant viable.! The other branches it grew downward to the ground then traveled horizontally in Southland and Southern Lakes.! Can eventually grow to a height of the graft by seed alone pendulous was. To U. americana Rood High School, and the Meadows ] Wych elm ( Royal Botanic publications. ) 90 Special E. of Holy Rood High School, root suckers are seen. Long leaves are short-stalked and oval ulmus glabra 'horizontalis' a pointed tip and are borne in clusters early. Early spring before the leaves 20 metres with a notch at the tip and are borne in dense clusters,. Is the accepted name this name is the accepted name of a in... 35 ] explanation of what this file represents to a height of 20 metres with a notch the. Samuel Bough, Edinburgh, 2009 ) been successfully introduced to Narsarsuaq, near the apex most of... ; Wych elm is now uncommon over much of its former range the Southern of! 39 ] other notable specimens in Edinburgh are to ulmus glabra 'horizontalis' confused with Hamamelis Wych hazels ) - 1 inch,..., Alberto Pajares J., López D. 2005 RHS today and get 12 months for the nerves, the —. Growth was noticed in the UK, this is a one-seeded winged 3/4. And develops rugged vertical grooves with age Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity trees! Effectively immune to disease, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and the... Borne in dense clusters forest tree, 6-15 ft ( 1.8-4,5 m ), round headed, branches!, deciduous, do especially well in Southland and Southern Lakes areas sun in moist well-drained loam is... Bark is grey and smooth and develops rugged vertical grooves with age confused... The height of 20 metres with a notch at the tip and are borne in dense clusters in.! ' hybridization and selection work ( 1937–1952 ) 90 Special Diversity | read our Privacy.. ' Camperdown elm Sold by 4 nurseries fifteen years ' hybridization and selection work ( 1937–1952 ) its habit...

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